The new and developing livestock industries (including aquaculture) which were examined for development of the Animal Industries – New, Developing and Maturing Five Year RD&E Plan 2013-2018, had an estimated gross value of production of $346 million in 2011-12, and they earned export revenue of around $217 million (M Foster, 2013). In comparison, the annual value of all Australian livestock products in 2011-12 was $21.2 billion. Some of the industries have the potential for significant growth. The new and developing industries also provide alternative enterprises for some farmers and make a valuable contribution to rural communities not only from a primary production perspective but also, in some cases, through tourism and eco-benefits.
There are several industries where the largest barriers are commercial rather than technical and cannot be addressed by projects that fall within the definition of research and development. These barriers include lack of processing facilities, orderly marketing arrangements, scale or access to markets. For some industries, especially non-levied industries (dairy sheep and goat, marron, rabbit, redclaw and potentially crocodile), the problem is not lack of demand but lack of commercial supply.
The Program covers the following industries: Alpaca, Buffalo, Deer, Fibre goat, Kangaroo, Crocodile, Dairy goat and sheep, Duck, Emu, Game bird, Marron, Mulloway, Rabbit and Redclaw.