Essential oils and plant extracts include a number of different industries and a wide variety of end uses. A common feature of all essential oils and plant extracts is that they require the growing of plants of harvest active ingredients. Active ingredients are used in a range of products including food flavours, pharmaceutical goods and industrial solvents.
Major Australian essential oils include sandalwood, lavender, eucalyptus, boronia and peppermint. Citrus and carrot oils are managed by Horticulture Innovation Australia. Major Australian plant extracts include pyrethrum, Echinacea, mountain pepper and ginseng.
Australia’s diverse climate and unique flora provide opportunities for new crop development and agricultural diversification. Increasing consumer interest and a wide and growing range of applications in commercial industries has led to strong, albeit fluctuating, growth in world-demand for these commodities.