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Verification of separation distance methods for meat chicken farms
Summary Odour dispersion modelling (usually with Calpuff or Ausplume) is commonly used to estimate separation distance requirements between poultry farms and surrounding receptors in order to prevent odour nuisance. Modelling poultry plumes is challenging due to highly variable emission rates and horizontally emitted plumes. Plumes emitted from meat chicken sheds can be slightly buoyant at certain times depending on ambient and emission temperatures. The inclusion of thermal buoyancy into dispersion modelling activities is contentious because of a lack of knowledge regarding the effect and frequency of this buoyancy on dispersion of odours. Inclusion of thermal buoyancy in dispersion modelling will usually indicate enhanced dispersion resulting in shorter separation distances. Conversely, excluding thermal buoyancy from modelling altogether will usually produce more conservative (perhaps overly large) separation distances. The question of whether or not thermal buoyancy should be included in dispersion modelling needs to be resolved.
Program Chicken Meat
Research organisation OLD ABN-The State Of Queensland Acting Through The Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation
Objective summary This project has three (3) objectives:
1. Monitor the temperature of air exhausted from a poultry shed in order to assess temperature gradients with the outside air. This monitoring will also demonstrate how the air temperature changes when poultry exhaust mixes with ambient air.
Results from this monitoring program will be used to check the assumptions within CFD and Calpuff models.
2. Use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling to demonstrate that Calpuff accurately simulates the emission of odour emissions from tunnel ventilated meat chicken sheds. This will include a sensitivity analysis of emission temperature on plume movement and dispersion due to thermal buoyancy
3. Verify the ‘Sfactor’ formula for calculating separation distances and buffer zones, as specified in the Draft best practice technical guide for the meat chicken industry in Queensland, 21 October 2005, using Calpuff.
Project Stage Closed
Project start date Monday, March 10, 2008
Project completion date Wednesday, July 29, 2009
Journal articles from project Not Available
National priority An environmentally sustainable Australia
Rural priority Soil, water and managing natural resources
RIRDC goal CME-Manage the environment for sustainable development
Principal researcher Mark Dunlop
Research manager Michael Beer
Admin contact Paul Hickey